Angioplasty is the surgical procedure for unblocking or repairing blood vessels. The method is to treat cardiovascular diseases and it has become a common operation to perform. If your doctor has recently suggested angioplasty for your heart, here’s what you need to know before undergoing the surgery.
Why is Angioplasty Done?
An angioplasty doctor in Jaipur chooses this surgical method for opening blood vessels which are present in your body to supply blood into the heart muscles. The blood vessels are also familiar as coronary arteries. The best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur generally performs the surgery right after a heart attack.
- A type of fatty substance which is known as plague occupies the arteries and later throughout the whole body.
- When the build-up becomes stronger, the blood flow obstructs and plaque becomes the reason for blood clots or clogs inside the arteries.
- This dysfunction leads to lack of oxygen in different parts of the body.
The surgery is also known as percutaneous coronary intervention or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. An angioplasty stent inserts post-angioplasty phase and this stent is able to regulate blood flow and prevents the arteries from shrinking.
As timing matters significantly after the surgery, the procedure can minimize the complications related to heart attack. The faster one receives the treatment, the higher the chances of saving your heart are.
What is the Procedure Followed in Angioplasty?
One of the most important reasons that the best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur is that the medical procedure can alleviate the symptoms of heart disease or future heart attack. In order to initiate the operation, the patient goes through cardiac catheterization. Of course, the medical professional chooses medication for relaxing and then the numbness overpowers your body due to anesthesia for inserting a catheter.
Sheath, a thin plastic tube enters the artery but it may also be inserted in your arm or groin. A catheter resembling a narrow, long and hollow-shaped tube passes through the already inserted sheath. The tube or catheter also guides the blood vessel to the artery which is seen around the heart.
A minimal amount of contrast liquid gets into the blood vessel with the help of an inserted catheter. X-ray technique is utilized to take photographs of the catheter’s movement around the major vessels, valves, and heart chambers. The images can inform the specialist if the arteries are narrowing or the valve is able to perform regularly.
The entire procedure may last over two to three hours but the patient may have to wait for a long period to get full recovery. Moreover, the hospital administration may advise you to stay overnight at the hospital for medical observations.
What are the Types of Angioplasty?
Assessing the patient’s health condition, the best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur further indicates whether the balloon process or stent one will be an idea for the patient.
Stent in Angioplasty
It is one of the popular angioplasty treatment procedures that require a small tube for using it as a scaffold. The tube can support the internal areas of the service user’s coronary arteries. Then a balloon-shaped catheter is put over a wire as it can place the stent into the narrowed regions of your coronary artery. When the balloon gets bigger, the stent increases and takes the size of your artery.
The stents may also contain medicine for reducing the complications and risks of blocking the artery. This procedure is known as restenosis. Running full examination, the best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur takes the final decision whether the right stent is used for treating the blockage.
Then the balloon becomes deflated and smaller and it is eliminated to let the artery open. Metal is generally used to make permanent stent. Besides metal, a type of material is chosen which is likely to be absorbed by your body over the long period. Gradually, as days and weeks pass by, the artery starts to recover surrounding the stent.
A catheter shape of a hollow cylinder use for this which also has a balloon on one side and an open window on another side. As the catheter inserts in the narrowing region of an artery, the balloon becomes bigger and inflate. The inflated balloon shoves the open window against the plaque.
The blade residing in the cylinder may rotate and shove off the plaque which extends into the open window. When the shavings get caught in the catheter, it is removed. For regulating blood flow, the procedure is undertaken repeatedly. However, this procedure has not gained popularity as the balloon and stent process.
Is Angioplasty Available in Jaipur?
Angioplasty has become a popular surgery which is widely available in every state of India. Needless to say, Jaipur has numerous cardiologist who is well-verse with the technique and its complications and we have the one to deal with such issues. He has vast experience and he is more comfortable in performing balloon angioplasty treatment.
Evaluating the heart condition, the best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur decides whether atherectomy, laser angioplasty or balloon angioplasty will be the ideal choice.
What to Expect after Angioplasty?
The best angioplasty doctor in Jaipur advises electrocardiogram and blood test. You may have to take different appointments or schedule the day before the procedure. Moreover, one cannot drink or eat the evening before or after the midnight.
If you have been taking insulin or diuretics, you should inform the medical professional about it. It is also necessary to inform the specialist whether you are allergic to latex, x-ray dye, iodine, penicillin medications, and iodine. Before undergoing the procedure, you need to take aspirin.
After removing the sheath, the patient needs to lie for six hours and in this way, he/she can stop bleeding. One should not do eating or drinking till the sheath at groin get remove. The doctor is likely to put the arm with a special bandage around the arm.
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