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In India, nearly 25% of total deaths are caused by cardiovascular or heart diseases. It has emerged as the top killer in both urban and rural sector. One of the primary reasons for these deaths is that people are less aware of their heart health. They neglect the symptoms often which ultimately leads to serious problems or even death.

In this article we have mentioned some frequently asked questions about the heart diseases:

  1. What are the common risk factors that can be controlled by coronary artery disease?

Ans: The risk controllable risk factors of coronary artery disease are:

Heart Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • High BP
  • High Cholesterol
  • Obesity & lethargic lifestyle
  • Diabetes
  1. Is it possible to reduce the heart diseases risk by changes in diet?

Ans: Yes, you can reduce the heart disease risk by including certain food items in your diet such as:

Control the Heart Risk

  • Green vegetables, fruits, grains, and legumes
  • Avoid saturated fats
  • Eat complex carbohydrates and avoid simple carbohydrates
  • Reduce the consumption of salt
  1. What does a sudden cardiac arrest mean?

Ans: When the heart stops beating suddenly, it is considered as a cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest stops the flow of blood in many organs including the brain.

  1. What are the common symptoms of a heart attack one can experience?

Ans: The common symptoms are:

Symptoms of Heart Disease

  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Breath shortness & dizziness
  • Nausea & Vomiting
  • Heaviness in Chest
  1. A clogged artery causes a heart attack. What does a clogged artery mean?

Ans: Arteries carries oxygen-rich blood in the body. Clogged arteries are the result of the formation of plaque on the inner walls of arteries. This reduces blood flow, ultimately lead to heart diseases.

  1. Heart failure” means the heart has completely stopped working?

Ans: No, when the heart doesn’t pump blood enough to circulate blood throughout the body, this condition is heart failure. It can be due to weakness of heart muscles or inadequate filling of blood in the heart chambers.

  1. Most of the Indians suffer from which heart disease?

Ans: Coronary artery disease, is the most common form of heart disease. It causes a heart attack because of an insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle.

  1. Cholesterol is primarily responsible for heart diseases. What is it and how to reduce it?

Ans: Cholesterol is a waxy and soft natured material made in the liver. It is present in oily foods including egg yolks, milk fat, organ meats, and shellfish. To lower the high cholesterol level consume foods such as unsaturated fats, vegetables, and low-calorie foods.


Hypertension in young adults

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Hypertension quite clearly is a persistent rise in blood pressure. Hypertension is a combination of two source words; Hyper defining High and Tension indicating Pressure. Hypertension solely suggests high blood pressure. High Blood Pressure is the elevated inflation in the pressure of blood in the arteries. The force is the pressure when the heart pumps and contracts blood through the blood veins that carry the blood to different parts of the blood. It raises the risk of associated cardiovascular conditions such as myocardial infarction, stroke, other vascular complications, failure of heart and kidneys. It is the most prevalent cardiovascular condition, as well as a primary cause of heart attacks. However, people unfortunately often fail to realize that they are suffering from it.

Types of hypertension:

There are two kinds of hypertension: primary, which values for 90% to 95% of incidents, and secondary. The cause of primary hypertension is unknown, although lifestyle circumstances such as sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and extreme alcohol or salt intake add to the condition. In secondary hypertension, the condition may be hormonal inequality, kidney disease; or drugs, including alcohol or cocaine.

Hypertension in young adults:

It becomes a major societal problem affecting millions of people. While more prevalent in the older population, a rising trend in the younger population, including players, is being seen. Although hypertension does not mean or occur from extreme nervous anxiety, proof shows that anxiety and nervous tension do cause a rise in blood pressure. And if constant, could be sustained.  The heightened predominance of conventional risk factors in the young, including obesity, renal disease, diabetes mellitus, and increase the risk of acquiring hypertension in younger adults.


  • Obesity in young adults- A prevalent cause of hypertension

Young adults now a day are spoilt with choice when it comes to palatable junks. As the young adults majorly work for long hours in offices or have a virtual workspace where they are bound to spend long periods sitting at one place, fat starts accumulating. Due to continuous sitting and working the scope of active physical exercise or strenuous activity gets minimize and gradually the youth enters to a sedentary lifestyle.

A major con of the sedentary lifestyle is bad eating habits and obesity. As a vice, it starts to engulf the life and give rise to myriads of disease in the body including hypertension. A close relationship exists between hypertension and obesity. Most hypertensive is more than 10% overweight. Fat accumulation in the stomach, abdomen area is not only linked to hypertension but also hyperlipidemia where there is excess fat in the body. Obesity can add to hypertension in various ways. For one thing, obesity leads to a greater output of blood, because the heart has to tap more blood to provide the excess tissues. The amplified cardiac product then can raise blood pressure.


Psychosocial circumstances may also be adding factors to the increasing prevalence of hypertension in the younger community. Although the role of stress and other emotional factors in hypertension is hard to explain. However, stress causes a physiological rise in blood pressure. This sustain if the pressure becomes constant.

Alcohol and Smoking:

A vice engulfing young adults leading to hypertension

These two form the social circumstances most linked to high blood pressure. Young adults are majorly in this zone who drink alcohol excessively. Thus gives rise to have a one and half to two times increase in the frequency of hypertension. The younger population comes in peer pressure and suffers from anxiety issues regarding their career and settling down in life and other growing concerns of the new adult life and thus to relieve themselves from the increasing burden of tension they resort to addictions like smoking and alcohol consumption. The association between alcohol and high blood pressure becomes particularly noticeable due to stress when alcohol intake exceeds the above per day.  Moreover, the connection is a dose-related phenomenon. In other words, the more alcohol drunk, the greater the risks of it.

Thus behavioral stress, anxiety smoking habits, alcohol addiction lead to this disease among young adults.

blood pressure

Dangers of Salt on Human Body

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Not just increase blood pressure but cause other problems too. Let’s know…

We all know that consuming a large amount of salt in the diet increase the blood pressure and can result in hypertension as well. This, in turn, can cause heart attacks, strokes, and many other diseases. However, according to research, while there is no trace of the high blood pressure, but still the excess consumption of dietary sodium can affect some organs. These are mainly blood vessels, brain, heart, and kidneys.

A person needs only 500-milligram sodium consumption daily for fluid balance and stable internal environment. However, we consume a lot more, even more than 6 times of actual need, i.e. 3,200 mg of sodium.

Now let’s know the effect of salt on these organs:

  1. Blood Vessels: The increase in the sodium levels in the blood can affect adversely the inner lining of blood vessels, called the endothelium. All the tissues of the body depend on the blood supply, which in turn depends on the endothelium cells.
  2. Heart: Sodium increases the blood pressure and increases the risk for left ventricular hypertrophy. It is the enlargement of the muscle tissues. These make up the wall of the heart’s main pumping chamber.

However, many kinds of research have found that consuming a high level of sodium can increase the thickness of the left ventricular wall. This can lead to multiple heart problems such as abnormal heart rhythm, heart attack, cardiac arrest, and heart failure.

Inflammation and Heart disease

Inflammation and Heart disease

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As like cholesterol and high blood pressure or hypertension, inflammation is also one of the key factors which contribute to heart diseases. The occurrence of inflammation is due to the natural response of the body’s immune system. Generally, when the body is trying to fight an infection, and also while making up the fatty tissues in the arteries.

Thus, inflammation plays an important role in heart attacks, strokes, and many other heart diseases, and also can lead to rupture and make a great risk for heart disease.

What foods you should eat to avoid inflammation and Heart Disease?

Inflammatory foods can greatly worsen the issue of inflammation, and also contribute to the lifestyle practices that build plaque. If inflammation is your concern then avoid foods which can enhance it. It will reduce the symptoms and also improve cardiac health as well.

Here is some commonly known inflammatory food:

Highly Sugar-containing or fructose syrup:

It is understandable that sugar is very hard to completely avoid, however, reducing the intake of sugar from your diet can help.

Fried foods:

Fried foods are neither good for health nor for health, because of many reasons, and the inflammatory property is one of them. The way the oil is heated and the different unhealthy oils used in frying worsen the inflammation

Refined Carbs:

Consuming whole grains is very good for health and heart as they contain a good amount of fiber required by the body which helps in processing of carbohydrates and fats. However, in refined carbs, this fiber is not present by which the blood sugar rises and contributes to inflammation.


Alcohol consumption in excess can also increase the inflammation too. However, alcohol can also cause other problems very well. Inflammation is one of its property.


Tread Mill Test

Tread Mill Test

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What is a Tread Mill Test?

A treadmill test is used to check the performance of your heart during the workout or pressure time.

In the treadmill, you will need to exercise on a treadmill, while you would be hooked up to an EKG (Electrocardiogram) machine. By this, the doctor will monitor your heart rate.

Why do a Tread Mill Test?

By a treadmill test, your doctor examines whether your heart is receiving enough oxygen and proper blood flow in pressure or not.

Generally, it is ordered for the people who are experiencing symptoms or coronary heart disease such as chest pain.

Risks associated with Treadmill test

These tests are generally considered as safe as they are done under the supervision of a specialist. Still, the probable risks are:

  1. Chest Pain
  2. Collapsing
  3. Fainting or weakness
  4. Heart attack
  5. Irregular heartbeat

However, there are very risks for these, as your doctor will first examine you, and if any complication seems, then he will not order the test.

How to prepare for the treadmill test?

Firstly, the doctor will examine your heart conditions and other medical histories, they will ask about the symptoms especially for chest pains, and breath shortness.

If nothing serious appears then he will order the test provided you must not be suffering from a disease like diabetes, high blood pressure, etc.

On the test day, you will be advised to wear loose, comfortable clothes.

General instructions by the doctor for the patients are:

  1. Don’t consume caffeinated beverages.
  2. Don’t take some particular medications.
  3. Report if you have experienced recent chest pain.

How treadmill test is performed?

1. Firstly, the patient is hooked up to the EKG machine. The doctor will attach many sticky pads to your skin under the clothes. Before beginning, the exercise the doctor will check the heart rate.

2. Then you will start walking slowly. As the test proceeds, the speed and grade of the mill will be increased.

3. If you experience any pain, you should immediately order to stop the test.

4. After getting satisfying results, the doctor will stop the test.

Following up the treadmill test:

After the test, you will be asked for rest and will be given water. The nurse will monitor your blood pressure if you have experienced rising blood pressure during the test.

A few days after the test, the doctor will consult about the test results. It could reveal irregular heart rhythms, or symptoms like coronary heart disease, or blocked arteries.


If you are looking for the treadmill test in Jaipur then you should consult Dr. Gaurav Singhal. He is amongst the best cardiologist in the city and has given a very high success rate of heart treatment results.

Low Blood Pressure

When Low Blood Pressure signal Heart Failure?

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This can happen with anyone at any time. You just stand up, and suddenly feel dizziness, the room is spinning, vision getting blurring, for generally two or three seconds.

These could be the symptoms of the immediate drop of the blood pressure in the human body. Generally, these are not a matter of concern but according to many studies, a person suffers from such symptoms can later have heart failure.

Heart failure is a condition in which the heart is not able to blood in the way it should.

Symptoms of lower blood pressure:

There is a condition called Orthostatic hypotension in which the blood pressure gets drop when the person stands up. It is not necessary that the person will notice it, but after a period of 2-3 seconds, he/she may feel the symptoms such as:

  1. Dizziness and lightheadedness
  2. Blurred vision
  3. Feeling weak
  4. Fainting
  5. Nausea
  6. Headaches and many others.


Generally, the reason for lower blood pressure is dehydration, low blood sugar, meditation affects, and heart not pumping the blood in a proper manner.


When should you consult a doctor?

Feeling dizzy while standing for a prolong is a normal case and not a matter of concern. But if you are experiencing these symptoms frequently, then you should definitely consult a doctor, in fact, it would be much better if you will consult a cardiologist. A cardiologist knows more about these cases including:

  • Chest Pain
  • Fainting
  • Weakness
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeat
  • Breath shortness
  • Coughing pinky mucus.


How to look for a cardiologist?

Either you can consult your regular doctor, probably he will suggest you a good cardiologist or there is a modern way too. You can simply search phrases on Google like “Best Cardiologist in Jaipur”, you will enter the city in which you live. Many results will come on Google. Select the most suitable one for you.


In Jaipur particularly, you can consult Dr. Gaurav Singhal. He is one of the best cardiologists in Jaipur. With expertise in diseases like heart failure, heart attack, angiography, angioplasty, high blood pressure, he has done a lot of successful treatments.

high blood pressure threats

High Blood Pressure Threats

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What is high blood pressure?                                                                                                                                      High blood pressure or Hypertension happens when the blood pressure in your body is more than the normal. The normal blood pressure is 80/120Hg. It gets slightly up and down due to various activities and diet. However, if the blood pressure crosses 90/130 Hg, then it is considered as High blood pressure.

Causes of High Blood Pressure                                                                                                                          There are various causes of high blood pressure. Some of them are described below:

  • Age: As the person gets old, chances of high blood pressure. People above 60 years are much likely to suffer from high blood pressure as the arteries get stiff and narrow.
  • Weight and Size: Obesity or person not having a proper proportion of height and weight body balance is having more chances of suffering from high blood pressure.
  • Alcohol: Consuming an excessive amount of alcohol increases the blood pressure in the body.
  • Smoking Tobacco: Smoking, after a period of time, makes the arteries narrow and stiff. This results in high blood pressure.
  • Sex: As per the research, men are more prone to hypertension in comparison to women.

The other factors including:

  • Consuming a high amount of salty diets.
  • Less potassium consumption
  • Alcohol and tobacco as mentioned above.
  • Diseases and medications


Some High Blood Pressure threats:

Hypertension or high blood pressure can be harmful after a period of time. Many times the high blood pressure remains undetected and continue to cause damage in the body. Here are some high blood pressure threats:

  • Heart Attack: Arteries got damaged, blocked, which prevents the blood flow to the heart muscles and ultimately cause a heart attack.
  • Stroke: High blood pressure can also cause blood vessels to get burst and clog which results in a stroke.
  • Heart failure: Heart failure refers to the situation in which the heart gets enlarge and fail to supply to the body. High blood pressure can also cause heart failure.
  • Kidney problem: When there is damage in the arteries nearby kidney due to the high BP, the kidneys are unable to filter blood properly.
  • Loss of vision: It can also damage blood vessels in the eyes.
  • Angina: After a period of time, high blood pressure can also lead to microvascular diseases or Angina.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease: When the arteries get narrow in legs, arms, stomach, it can cause Peripheral Artery Disease, which can cause pain and fatigue.


Heart Attack Causes

Heart Attack Causes

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These are the factors associated with the increasing risks of a heart attack:

1. Age: A man who is older than 45 years and a woman who is more than 55 years, are more chances of getting a heart attack.
2. Angina: Chest pain is caused by Angina. In Angina, there is a lack of blood supply or oxygen to the heart.
3. High cholesterol levels: High level of cholesterol cause the formation of blood clots in the arteries, which in turn, leads to the heart attack.
4. Diabetes: Diseases such as diabetes increases the chances of a heart attack.
5. Diet: High amount of fatty, junk food increases cholesterol levels.
6. Genetics: A person is more likely to suffer from a heart attack if his parents have suffered from it.
7. Heart surgery: Heart surgery is past can greatly contribute to the heart attack in the future.
8. Hypertension: Hypertension by high blood pressure puts unnecessary strain on the heart and in fact, can lead to a heart attack.
9. Obesity: Obesity increases the chances of a heart attack.
10. Smoking: Smokers are having more chances of a heart attack in comparison to the persons who don’t smoke.

Heart Attack Causes

When one or coronary arteries become blocked, it results in a heart attack. After a certain period, a coronary artery becomes narrow from the buildup of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This condition, known as coronary artery disease, which is the main  Heart Attack Causes.

While heart attack, one of the plaques gets rupture by which fatty substances get accumulate in the bloodstream. Therefore, a blood clot forms at this site. This blood clot can block the blood flow by the coronary artery. Hence, the heart muscles start starving for oxygen and nutrients (ischemia).

You might have a complete or partial blockage. A complete blockage means ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and partial means a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Diagnostic steps and treatment might be different depending on which you’ve had.

Heart attack FAQ

Heart attack FAQ

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Dr. Gaurav Singhal a cardiologist in Jaipur given answer of Heart Attack FAQ to the people. He is a specialist cardiologist doctor having experience of 11 Years and associated with Mahatma Gandhi hospital.  Below are the common Heart attack FAQ:

1. What is a heart attack?

Ans. For survival, our heart needs oxygen. In a heart attack, the blood flow which supplies oxygen to the heart muscles get reduced or completely cut off.

The coronary arteries which supply the blood to the heart become narrow generally because of the fat, cholesterol, and other materials together called plaque. This complete process is known as atherosclerosis.

When this plaque breaks within an artery, a blood clot forms around the plaque, which blocks the blood flow from the artery to the heart.

There is another condition called Ischemia in which the heart muscle starves for oxygen and other nutrients. When the heart muscle damages or die because of the ischemia, it is termed as a heart attack.

2. Will I get any warning signs?

Ans. There are no symptoms of the process of atherosclerosis. What happens is, that when the coronary artery becomes narrow and not able to flow the blood properly, the other nearby arteries compensate the blood supply by expanding itself, therefore no symptoms appear.

This network of expanded blood vessels is called collateral circulation, which helps a lot of people from a heart attack by compensating the blood supply.

3. Does the heart get permanently damaged?

Ans. During a heart attack, the muscles which can’t supply the blood to the heart suffer injuries. The damage amount depends on the area size and time between treatment and injury.

Generally, it takes several weeks for the heart muscles to heal.

Our heart is a very tough organ, although it may have severely injured, the rest of the heart keeps working. However, due to the damage, it gets weaken and can’t pump as much blood like earlier.

4. Can I recover from a heart attack?

Ans. Almost yes.

The heart muscles start healing after a heart attack. Generally, it takes about 8 weeks for complete healing. A scar tissue forms in the damaged area, which can’t blood pump that much as healthy muscle tissue does.

The pumping function which gets lost depends on the size and location of scar tissue. Mainly, the heart attack survivors have some degree of CAD (coronary artery disease) and need to make changes in their lifestyle and take medicines to prevent future heart attacks.

5. Is every chest pain a heart attack?

Ans. No!

The most common type of chest pain is Angina. It is a recurring discomfort that lasts only for a few minutes. It occurs when the heart muscles don’t get oxygen and supply.

The difference between a heart attack and the angina is that in angina the heart muscles don’t get permanently damaged.

6. How a heart attack is different from a cardiac arrest?

Ans. Generally, people consider a heart attack and a cardiac arrest same, however, they are quite different events.

A heart attack is a circulation problem in which the blood flow to the heart gets blocked. However, in a cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating unexpectedly. It is an electrical problem. The cardiac arrests are due to irregular heart rhythms called arrhythmias.

If you want to take an appointment with a cardiologist in Jaipur regarding your Heart Problem then you can Contact Dr. Gaurav Singhal

Cut down the consumption of sugar

Cut Down the Consumption of Sugar for your Healthy Heart

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Ways to cut down the consumption of sugar to keep your Healthy Heart.

Sugar which is found in dairy products, vegetables, fruits, and grains is called natural sugar which is essential for our body however the sugar which is not in natural form and added in our food & drinks during the processing of food is harmful to our body which may lead to obesity and other diseases also increase the risk of Heart Disease. As per the research, a can of cold-drink has nearly 8 teaspoons of sugar in it.

Recommended Sugar Consumption:

Doctor suggests that on an avg. women need 6 teaspoons of sugar while men need 9 teaspoons of sugar for Healthy Heart.

Sources of Added Sugar:

Cold Drinks, Tea, Coffee are the biggest sources of added sugar. Other sources are ice cream, chocolates, and candies baked items like cakes, cookies, muffins, and pies).

Where to find:

When you read the ingredients of any packed food item you can find out some ingredients ending with letters “ose”(like fructose). These are the components of sugar in that food.

How to replace Artificial Sugar with Natural Sugar:

  • Eat Fruit as dessert on a regular basis.
  • Limit the use of traditional dessert for your special occasions.
  • Buy fresh juices with no added sugar
  • Drink Sugar-Free Beverages

Dr. Gaurav Singhal has given guidance on the consumption of sugar which is a major cause of Obesity and not good for a healthy heart. It may cause heart diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and inflammation in the body.