These are the factors associated with the increasing risks of a heart attack:
1. Age: A man who is older than 45 years and a woman who is more than 55 years, are more chances of getting a heart attack.
2. Angina: Chest pain is caused by Angina. In Angina, there is a lack of blood supply or oxygen to the heart.
3. High cholesterol levels: High level of cholesterol cause the formation of blood clots in the arteries, which in turn, leads to the heart attack.
4. Diabetes: Diseases such as diabetes increases the chances of a heart attack.
5. Diet: High amount of fatty, junk food increases cholesterol levels.
6. Genetics: A person is more likely to suffer from a heart attack if his parents have suffered from it.
7. Heart surgery: Heart surgery is past can greatly contribute to the heart attack in the future.
8. Hypertension: Hypertension by high blood pressure puts unnecessary strain on the heart and in fact, can lead to a heart attack.
9. Obesity: Obesity increases the chances of a heart attack.
10. Smoking: Smokers are having more chances of a heart attack in comparison to the persons who don’t smoke.
Heart Attack Causes
When one or coronary arteries become blocked, it results in a heart attack. After a certain period, a coronary artery becomes narrow from the buildup of various substances, including cholesterol (atherosclerosis). This condition, known as coronary artery disease, which is the main Heart Attack Causes.
While heart attack, one of the plaques gets rupture by which fatty substances get accumulate in the bloodstream. Therefore, a blood clot forms at this site. This blood clot can block the blood flow by the coronary artery. Hence, the heart muscles start starving for oxygen and nutrients (ischemia).
You might have a complete or partial blockage. A complete blockage means ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and partial means a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). Diagnostic steps and treatment might be different depending on which you’ve had.