In India, nearly 25% of total deaths are caused by cardiovascular or heart diseases. It has emerged as the top killer in both urban and rural sector. One of the primary reasons for these deaths is that people are less aware of their heart health. They neglect the symptoms often which ultimately leads to serious problems or even death.
In this article we have mentioned some frequently asked questions about the heart diseases:
What are the common risk factors that can be controlled by coronary artery disease?
Ans: The risk controllable risk factors of coronary artery disease are:
- High BP
- High Cholesterol
- Obesity & lethargic lifestyle
Is it possible to reduce the heart diseases risk by changes in diet?
Ans: Yes, you can reduce the heart disease risk by including certain food items in your diet such as:
- Green vegetables, fruits, grains, and legumes
- Avoid saturated fats
- Eat complex carbohydrates and avoid simple carbohydrates
- Reduce the consumption of salt
What does a sudden cardiac arrest mean?
Ans: When the heart stops beating suddenly, it is considered as a cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest stops the flow of blood in many organs including the brain.
What are the common symptoms of a heart attack one can experience?
Ans: The common symptoms are:
- Weakness and fatigue
- Breath shortness & dizziness
- Nausea & Vomiting
- Heaviness in Chest
A clogged artery causes a heart attack. What does a clogged artery mean?
Ans: Arteries carries oxygen-rich blood in the body. Clogged arteries are the result of the formation of plaque on the inner walls of arteries. This reduces blood flow, ultimately lead to heart diseases.
“Heart failure” means the heart has completely stopped working?
Ans: No, when the heart doesn’t pump blood enough to circulate blood throughout the body, this condition is heart failure. It can be due to weakness of heart muscles or inadequate filling of blood in the heart chambers.
Most of the Indians suffer from which heart disease?
Ans: Coronary artery disease, is the most common form of heart disease. It causes a heart attack because of an insufficient supply of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle.
Cholesterol is primarily responsible for heart diseases. What is it and how to reduce it?
Ans: Cholesterol is a waxy and soft natured material made in the liver. It is present in oily foods including egg yolks, milk fat, organ meats, and shellfish. To lower the high cholesterol level consume foods such as unsaturated fats, vegetables, and low-calorie foods.